Summary

Domain Name Service (DNS) is an Internet service that maps IP addresses and fully qualified domain names (FQDN) to one another. In this way, DNS alleviates the need to remember IP addresses. Computers that run DNS are called_name servers_. Ubuntu ships with BIND (Berkley Internet Naming Daemon), the most common program used for maintaining a name server on Linux.

Server

Primary Server

The primary server who user in immkota.org domain is 192.168.1.1, Based on Debian Server. The SOA for this domain is ns1.immkota.org

Secondary Server

The Secondary Server who user in immkota.org domain is 192.168.1.11, Based on Ubuntu Server

Domain

Primary Domain Controller

SOA (start of authority) dari domain immkota.org adalah 192.168.1.1

Secondary Server

Controlled by 192.168.1.11 (Ubuntu 7.04 Server)

Domains

we used immkota.org, and this domain have much sub domain such us

[www.immkota.org](http://www.immkota.org/) [blog.immkota.org](http://blog.immkota.org/) [forum.immkota.org](http://forum.immkota.org/)
[elearning.immkota.org](http://forum.immkota.org/) [nino.immkota.org](http://nino.immkota.org/) [udienz.immkota.org](http://udienz.immkota.org/)
[loetphi.immkota.org](http://loetphi.immkota.org/) [ubuntu.immkota.org](http://ubuntu.immkota.org/) [debian.immkota.org](http://debian.immkota.org/)

Configuration

before you build the server (localhost), you must install bind, dhcpd, proftpd, mysql, php5, and apache. to install those programs follow this instructions: (become root)

$ apt-get install bind9

then you must make file to definition this domain, to build domain follow this instructions:

$ touch /etc/bind/192.168.1.1.rev
<span class="anchor"></span>$ chmod 644 /etc/bind/192.168.1.1.rev
<span class="anchor"></span>$ chown root.bind /etc/bind/192.168.1.1.rev
<span class="anchor"></span>$ touch /etc/bind/immkota.hosts
<span class="anchor"></span>$ chmod 644 /etc/bind/immkota.hosts
<span class="anchor"></span>$ chown root.bind /etc/bind/immkota.hosts

don’t forget to typing those file, type those file like below:

file in /etc/bind/192.168.1.rev

$ttl 38400
<span class="anchor"></span>10.168.192.in-addr.arpa.    IN    SOA    ns1.immkota.org. udienz.immkota.org. (
<span class="anchor"></span>                    07102006
<span class="anchor"></span>                    10800
<span class="anchor"></span>                    3600
<span class="anchor"></span>                    604800
<span class="anchor"></span>                    38400 )
<span class="anchor"></span>1.168.192.in-addr.arpa.    IN    NS    ns1.immkota.org.
<span class="anchor"></span>1.1.168.192.in-addr.arpa.    IN    PTR    ns1.immkota.org
<span class="anchor"></span>11.1.168.192.in-addr.arpa.   IN    PTR    udienz.immkota.org

file in /etc/bind/immkota.org.hosts

$ttl 38400
immkota.org.            IN    SOA    ns1.immkota.org. udienz.immkota.org. (
                    07102006
                    10800
                    3600
                    604800
                    38400 )
immkota.org.            IN    NS    ns1.immkota.org.
immkota.org.	IN	TXT	"v=spf1 a mx ip4:192.168.0.0/16 include:_.immkota.org ~all"
_xmpp-server._tcp.immkota.org.	IN	SRV	5 0 5269 udienz.immkota.org.
server.immkota.org.     IN    A    192.168.1.1
server			IN	AAAA fe80::f66d:4ff:fe2e:4096
ns1.immkota.org.        IN    A    192.168.1.1
ns1			IN	AAAA fe80::f66d:4ff:fe2e:4096
www.immkota.org.        IN    CNAME	server
blog.immkota.org.       IN    CNAME	server
forum.immkota.org.      IN    CNAME	server
nino.immkota.org.       IN    CNAME	server
elearning.immkota.org.  IN    CNAME	server
ubuntu.immkota.org.     IN    CNAME	udienz
udienz.immkota.org.     IN    A    192.168.1.11
udienz			IN	AAAA fe80::d029:e0ff:fea5:2131
debian.immkota.org.     IN    CNAME	udienz

file in /etc/bind/named.conf.local

zone "immkota.org" {
<span class="anchor"></span>    type master;
<span class="anchor"></span>    file "/etc/bind/immkota.org.hosts";
<span class="anchor"></span>    };
<span class="anchor"></span>zone "1.168.192.in-addr.arpa" {
<span class="anchor"></span>    type master;
<span class="anchor"></span>    file "/etc/bind/192.168.1.rev";
<span class="anchor"></span>    };

file in /etc/hosts

127.0.0.1    localhost
<span class="anchor"></span>192.168.1.1    server.immkota.org    server
<span class="anchor"></span># The following lines are desirable for IPv6 capable hosts
<span class="anchor"></span>::1     ip6-localhost ip6-loopback
<span class="anchor"></span>fe00::0 ip6-localnet
<span class="anchor"></span>ff00::0 ip6-mcastprefix
<span class="anchor"></span>ff02::1 ip6-allnodes
<span class="anchor"></span>ff02::2 ip6-allrouters
<span class="anchor"></span>ff02::3 ip6-allhosts

file in /etc/host.conf

multi on
<span class="anchor"></span>order hosts, bind

file in /etc/hostname

server

file in /etc/resolv.conf

search immkota.org
<span class="anchor"></span>nameserver 192.168.1.1
<span class="anchor"></span>

finishing

don’t forget to restart bind services

$ /etc/init.d/bind restart